The comparison of popular JS trends: Angular, React, Vue

JavaScript trends to follow in 2018

Javascript is a client-side and server-side scripting language. It is platform-independent and is essential for developing interactive or animated web designs. Due to the widespread popularity of javascript, there is various javascript framework available which is expanding very quickly. There are various javascript framework and libraries that is developing very fast. Based on the Github ratings Angular, React.js and Vue.js is the most popular one. Let’s find out more about them.

Definition

  • Angular :

Angular is a platform and framework for building client applications. It implements core and optional functionality as a set of typescript libraries as Angular is itself written in typescript.

  • React.js :

React is a declarative, efficient and flexible Javascript library that is used to create interactive user interfaces (UIs). A simple view is designed for each state. React helps in efficient updates and render with the suitable components when the data changes.

  • Vue.js:

Vue.js is the hybrid of angular and react. It is a progressive framework for building user interfaces. The core library is mainly focused on the view layer. This has made easy to pick up and integrated with other projects and library.

History

  • Angular :

AngularJs was created by Misko Hevery and Adam Abrons as one of their side project then known as GetAngular. This version was later re-created as AngularJS and maintained within Google.

  • React.js :

React.js was created by a software engineer Jordan Walke. It was first used on Facebook’s news feed in  2011. It was released as an open-source at 2013. React.js is maintained by Facebook.

  • Vue.js:

Vue.js is developed by ex-Google employee Evan you. After working for Google for a number of projects, he created Vue.js with all the best features and lightweight versions of Angular.  Vue was originally released in 2014.

License

All three, Angular, React.js, and Vue.js are available under the MIT license.

Language

  • Angular :

Although Angular claims to develop an application using native JS, Typescript is the only language preference with angular.

  • React.js:

JSX is a language for React. Although JSX seems like non-javascript it is normal javascript if HTML part is excluded.

  • Vue.js:

The case of Vue.js is similar to react. It is the combination of Html, CSS, and JavaScript although the extension is .vue.

Mobile Development

  • Angular :

Angular have components written directly for Ionic framework for developing a mobile app. Also, NativeScript framework is also used widely these days for building 100% native cross-platform apps which have declarative UI and the ability to implement platform-oriented UIs.

  • React.js:

React has React-native which hold the strong dominant in mobile development field as it the most awesome way to develop mobile applications.

  • Vue.js:

The Vue.js community seems to be confused with what to use. Weex and framework 7 is used quite often in mobile development.

Performance

  • Angular:

Angular had Huge performance issues in previous versions. However, after angular 5, server-side rendering was introduced which helps in boosting the performance. Also, due to a module called ‘ServerTransferStateModule’ fetching of data over HTTP has been optimized. By transferring the state from server to browser,  there is no need for second HTTP request once it reaches the client.

  • React.js:

React is a view oriented library which uses virtual dom and one-way binding which makes its performance faster. React now uses React-fiber which has led to the fast rendering of components and animations. React-fiber uses a feature namely “incremental rendering”; this splits the rendering works into chunks and spreads it in multiple frames.

  • Vue.js:

Vue.js is a hybrid of angular and react. It uses the same concept as react including virtual dom, composable components and other feature which makes it equally fast as React.

Documentation

  • Angular:

The official documentation of Angular is short, simple and to the point which is sufficient enough to continue development on Angular. Angular is one of the oldest framework, a lot of blogs and forums is found in case of any help is needed.

  • React.js:

Super fast development of React left no place for proper documentation. The flexible options of React have made people use it the way they want. The official documentation of react library is a bit small which might not be suitable for beginners. However, other resources can be found easily on the internet.

  • Vue.js:

The documentation of Vue.js is sufficient enough for those who already have an experience with angular. Due to the fast-growing community, many tutorials are also available now.

Learning Curve

  • Angular:

Angular being a framework has its own set of syntax for template handling, looping and many more. The learning curve is actually big as a learner should know where and how exactly to put a code.

  • React.js:

React is a javascript library with few APIs and concept of data flow. If an individual has an experience with any other framework than react can be adapted quite easily.

  • Vue.js:

Vue.js is a framework which has more features than react.  Developers having knowledge of angular and react will grasp its concept super fast. Also provides quicker debugging solutions.

Application

  • Angular:

Angular is developed and maintained by Google. It is used by Wix, weather.com, healthcare.gov, and Forbes.

  • React.js:

React is developed and maintained by Facebook. It used on popular websites such as  Airbnb, Uber, Netflix, Twitter, Pinterest, Reddit, Udemy, Wix, Paypal, Tumblr, Walmart, and others.

  • Vue.js:

Vue.js is used by Alibaba, Baidu, Expedia, GitLab, and others

Therefore, among many other emerging frameworks and libraries, Angular, React Js and Vue.Js are the most popular and commonly used and will surely remain in the trend for quite a while.

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